How to properly install tiles in a roof

A tiled roof is a beautiful architectural proposal for your residence design.
It is no coincidence that for many centuries the tiled roof was one of the favorite choice of most people wanted to cover their roof.

The reason ofcourse is no other than its incomparable architectural beauty, but also the special advantages it can offer us.

Even in the big urban cities, in case we take a good look at the view from our balcony, we will definitely see a building that will be decorated with tiles. Surely this building is going to be the one among the uniform roofs of the apartment buildings.

The tiled roof is made using wooden base with the addition of sloping concrete.
We usually find them in houses, roofs, cottages, small buildings, pergolas and mainly in areas with high altitude.

The advantages of a tiled roof

  • Durability
  • Energy saving
  • Low maintenance costs
  • Ease of installation
  • Unburned
  • Weatherproof
  • Impressive insulating performance
  • Possibility of adaptation to all roofs
  • Variety of colors
  • Excellent aesthetics
  • The repair

Repairing a tiled roof

The repair of the roof needs, above all, good planning and of course a proper study by a specialized workshop.

Most of the older constructions have various roofing problems. Weather conditions, lack of insulation, lack of maintenance, earthquakes and many other things can cause damage to the tiles.

Replacement or welding of cracked or broken tiles is done with a strong repairing cement mortar which is then sealed with a spreadable cementitious sealant.

The construction of the tile roof

Proper construction of the tiled roof ensures durability for many years. The correct placement of the tiles is A and O.
There are different types of tiles that we can choose from. The most famous are ceramic tiles, plastics, and concrete.

Classic ceramic tiles stand out so much for their rich beauty that they force other types of tiles to imitate them, stealing a little of their glamor. In combination with their cheap cost, they are the No. 1 choice of most. The main disadvantage is the weight.

Plastic tiles are that closest in appearance to ceramics. This is a very charming choice made with polypropylene technology. The great lure they have is the written guarantee that we can find in the market. This plastic is a very light material, with great durability and very reliable. Their only minus is their slightly stingy price.

Concrete tiles are mainly recommended for areas with low temperatures. They are made of lightweight concrete, which makes them almost indestructible. At the minus is the high weight.

Of course there are other types such as asphalt. Asphalts are essentially tarpaulins cut in the shape of a tile. As their name implies, they are a completely waterproof material and in fact very cheap. Its disadvantage is the flat face.

Finally there are the tile panels. We can find them in various variations in quality, color and shape. Their biggest advantage is that they already have thermal insulation elements (polyurethane) and so no further infrastructure is necessary. The highest quality and most expensive panels are distinguished for their resistance to weather conditions and shocks.

In general, we can find several types of tiles. The most famous are:

  • Byzantine
  • Roman
  • Swedish
  • French
  • Mediterranean
  • Dutch
  • Artificial aging
  • Enameled

It is very important that the wood of the frame is of good quality and impregnated with insecticides. This way we will be sure not only of the solid construction but also of the prevention of insects and fungi.

One of the most important things in the construction of a tiled roof is the substrate.
A substrate can be continuous (skinned) or discontinuous.

Tile roofing membranes also play an important role. It is essentially the waterproofing of the tiled roof that they protect from water if it penetrates through the tiles. Depending on the case, of course, it is better to place them over the thermal insulation. We find them in two categories:

Asphalt membranes
Vapor permeable or breathable
It is also important to form a perimeter channel in the concrete so that the rainwater ends up there and not at the lower points of the tiled roof with the risk of being gradually destroyed.
One of the biggest advantages of tiled roofs is their thermal insulating properties. For this reason, tiled roofs provide a cooler home in summer and warmer in winter, thus saving money and energy from electricity and heating fuels.

Of course, in order to enjoy a complete thermal insulation effect, the appropriate thermal insulation is required. This way we effectively protect the wooden frame from moisture, thus increasing its lifespan.

Insulation of a tile roof

The insulation on the tiled roof has the effect of reducing its temperature by up to 50%. At the same time the internal temperature of the house is reduced by up to 25%.

There are generally several types of tile roof insulation systems.
Reflective Insulation

In the case of reflective insulation, we achieve complete thermal insulation of the surface. Thus heat does not penetrate into the building as 90% of the solar radiation is reflected.

The most well-known method is polyurethane spraying, thermal insulation paints and the use of thermal insulation boards.

During the process of the construction, thermal insulation boards of expanded or extruded polystyrene and generally this kind are installed. They must be placed very carefully between the frames to prevent the transfer of heat and cooling from the roof inside the house.

In another case, the tiles are sprayed with polyurethane spray with a special high pressure machine or with an extruded polystyrene coating.

Hope you have understand the basics of the roof tiling. Remember that it is not an easy process and you should always hire a pro. He will manage to properly install the tills.

Also he will be aware of the proper instructions that should be followed to apply the tills to be safe in their place and to be in a good shape for a long time .

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Always fresh air in the roof attic

Always fresh air in the roof attic

Given the tightness of modern structures, there seem to be problems with the roof attic ventilation, resulting in the condensation of water vapor in the attic.

Water vapor is a phenomenon of everyday life that occurs as a result of cooking, washing, watering, washing, drying clothes, etc. Water vapor created in this way must definitely be drained from a vent.

The introduction of fresh air inside the roof attic can occur either by opening the window, or by a special vent located in the roofing window.

3 Different types of windows for the roof attic

  1. The automatic vent has a ventilation capacity of 52m3 / h (this value is without the air filter, with the filter 40m3 / h) at a pressure difference of 10 Pa, depending on its width window. The entry of air into the room is ensured by the automatic regulation of its flow, thus providing a healthy climate in the roof attic, saving heat and energy costs.
  2. The vent manually adjusts the efficient air flow. When fully open, entry allows 43m3 / h of fresh air (this value is without the air filter, with the filter 35m3 / h) at a pressure difference of 10 Pa, depending on the width of the window. Due to the increased efficiency, the humidity of the indoor air is significantly reduced, resulting in concentration limitation.
  3. The vent manually adjusts the air flow. When the inlet is fully open, allowing the flow of 9m3 / h fresh air at a pressure difference of 10pa.

More roofing advice

To reduce this effect the roof windows in the attic use a number of different vents.

The structure of the handle on the windows allows closing of three points that leave gaps for the entry of fresh air into the room.

A latch at the top of the attic window frame secures the window and allows fresh air to enter through the micro-opening into the roof attic.

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